Most collective agreements provide that disputes are not resolved through the use of civil courts, but by an alternative private dispute resolution, mediation or arbitration mechanism, usually the latter. In Sweden, about 90% of employees are subject to collective agreements and 83% in the private sector (2017).   Collective agreements generally contain minimum wage provisions. Sweden does not have legislation on minimum wages or legislation extending collective agreements to disorganised employers. Unseated employers can sign replacement agreements directly with unions, but many do not. The Swedish model of self-regulation applies only to jobs and workers covered by collective agreements.  „A collective agreement or collective agreement is a term used to describe a collective agreement entered into by a group of workers generally organized in a fraternity or union, on the one hand, and a group of employers or businesses as a railway company, on the other. Such an agreement can be a brief explanation of working time and wages, or on the other hand, it can take the form of a book or often a comprehensive pamphlet which, in the greatest minute, regulates every condition to which the work is to be done and touches on issues such as strikes, lockouts, lockouts, seniority , apprentices, store conditions, safety devices and group insurance. [Rentschler v. Missouri P. R. Co., 126 neb. 493 (No.
1934)] In Finland, collective agreements are of general application. This means that a collective agreement in an industry becomes a general legal minimum for an individual`s employment contract, whether or not he or she is unionized. For this condition to apply, half of the workers in this sector must be unionized and therefore support the agreement. The United States recognizes collective agreements   The Act is now enshrined in the Trade Union and Labour Relations (Consolidation) Act 1992 s.179, which provides that collective agreements are definitively considered non-binding in the United Kingdom. This presumption can be rebutted if the agreement is written and includes an express provision that it should be legally enforceable.